The case was brought up in Parliament and a number of books were published. There's been a lot of talk about how the result of the Scottish referendum might affect the Catalan independence movement but to be perfectly honest I always thought it was irrelevant. Perhaps a YES would have created a precedent and opened up the way for recognition of Catalonia and acceptance by the EU but equally it might have increased fear that more nation-states would break apart and so countries like France, Italy and Begium would have been even keener to block a Catalan referendum.
What is very clear is that the right-wing Spanish nationalist press in Madrid will have field day claiming that this is the end of independence movements for the forseeable future. This is also completely false. There is a strong grassroots movement here, the majority of political parties are in favour of a referendum and a date's been set.
Even if Catalans don't manage to vote on November 9th, the Catalan people's desire to control their own future won't go away. Being English born, 25 years ago I would have been a unionist but living here in Catalonia has completely changed my view on self-determination for small nations. My identification with the Catalan culture and language has been total but on a more practical level, it just seems ridiculous to me that Scotland should be governed from London or Catalonia from Madrid because the politicians in the English or the Spanish capital are neither close enough to the people of Scotland or Catalonia to understand the issues affecting them nor care very much.
I think there needs to be government of proximity and that small is beautiful. This has nothing to do with being anti-English or anti-Spanish just about wanting the best for your own people. There's been a lot of talk in the right-wing press about anti-Spanish insults during yesterday's Diada. That certainly wasn't my feeling and isn't what I pick up from the independence movement in general. Sumate is a group of Spanish-speaking Catalans who have no problem campaigning for independence for Catalonia whilst comfortably maintaining a pride in their own culture and language.
Many of my football mates in Sant Andreu had no problem in supporting Spain during the recent World Cup whilst at the same time admitting they would vote 'Yes' to independence. I was really pleased then when a friend sent me this photo of a guy on the Diada wearing a La Rioja shirt. It really sums up the feeling of happy tolerance that this movement is all about.
Si no m'en recordo malament, la llei de consultes permet que entitats civils convoquin consultes. Son espanyols?. Si no els voleu com a espanyols, aneu-vos-en de Catalunya. Deixeu-los estar, que no us necessiten per a res. As far back as the Reapers' War in the s overtaxation has always been a source of friction between Catalonia and central government.
Count-Duke Olivares overestimated the Catalan population to fund the Thirty Years War, in Felipe V introduced the special cadastre taxation system under the Nueva Planta Decrees, in the 19th and 20th centuries absolutist monarchs and dictators had taken advantage of Catalan revenues since the industrial revolution without reinvesting in infrastructures and democratic Spain was no different. Way back in , every Catalan paid an average of , pesetas in tax to central government but only recived , pesetas back making a tax deficit of , pesetas per person per year whilst other Spanish regions on average received a superavit of 47, pesetas a… read more.
It clearly shows that,a century and a half after the Decreto de Nueva Planta and the abolition of Catalan political institutions, the inhabitants of the territories of the former Aragonese crown were not considered Spanish citizens with full rights. Victus is, in my opinion, a slightly trashy dramatisation of the events surrounding the Siege of Barcelona in I bought it and got bored because I much prefer dry history books to historical novels. However, in the or so pages I read I found the story to be relatively harmless.
It attempted to bring a historical event to life by adding fictional characters and a bit of spice. In no way is Victus political even polemical. Consequently, I was amazed to read that the Instituto Cervantes had blocked the presentation event in Holland.
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To be perfectly honest, it just seemed petty. Here's what Wikipedia has to say about anti-Catalanism I'm not making it up! In its most extreme circumstances, this may also be referred as Catalanophobia.
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Several political movements, known for organizing boycotts of products from Catalonia, are also actively identified with anti-Catalanism. Anti-Catalanism in its most virulent form is mostly associated with far-right Spanish political parties. A former saying amongst… read more. Fun fact: in , Orwell's Homage to Catalonia was published uncensored in Spanish for the first time. I hope they are both happy about me sharing this here but the point that the Franco-Castilian troops were not only attacking Catalonia but also Valencia and the Balearics is so crucial that it mustn't be forgotten.
I'll try to weave some of these ideas into the section covering the war and also remember to point out that Mallorca didn't fall until You probably requested more than one link to recover your password and you have not clicked on the last one we sent you. Check your email again, open the most recent password recovery email and click on the recovery link. Follow categories so you don't miss any campaign.
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What do we need the money for Given that time is of the essence and I want to publish before the projected vote on November 9th , I will need to employ professional services for editing, proofreading, layout and design. E-Book Edition A version of the book in PDF format sent to your email address Book Without Shipping Use this option if you live in or near Barcelona and expect to be able to attend one of the many presentation events I will be organising in the first week of November. Shipping within Spain is included in this option. We'll probably go for lunch somewhere afterwards!
The talk which I gave to ESADE MBA students this summer takes approximately two hours and ideally should take place in your premises Donation I leave this option open to anyone who simply wants to contribute to informing the English-speaking world about the Catalan cause. Estimated calendar I expect the book to be available on Amazon by late October and be able to do a presentation event in Barcelona in the first week of November.
Do you have any other queries or questions? Ask the author. Franco's death initiated a period that came to be known as the "democratic transition", during which democratic liberties were restored, culminating in the Spanish Constitution of This constitution recognized the existence of multiple national communities within the Spanish State, which proposed the division of the country into autonomous communities.
After the first general election in it was restored the Generalitat as a provisional government, headed by its president in exile Josep Tarradellas , and including representatives of the various leading forces of the time. In it, Catalonia is defined as a "nationality", Catalan is recognized as Catalonia's own language, and became co-official with Spanish. First election to the Parliament of Catalonia under this Statute gave the Catalan presidency to Jordi Pujol , a position he would hold until Catalonia's Law of Linguistic Normalization promoted Catalan-language media.
In Barcelona hosted the Summer Olympics ,  which brought international attention to Catalonia. During the s, the absence of absolute majorities in the Spanish parliament made governments reliant on support from the various nationalist parties Catalan, Basque, Canary Islands , etc. In November , elections to the Generalitat gave the plurality, but not the majority of seats to CiU.
This government proved unstable, especially on the issue of reforming the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia. The Statute was approved by the Parliament of Catalonia on September 30, , and subsequently it was sent to the Cortes Generales for review and discussion. They approved the law on May 10, , in June 18 Catalan citizens ratified the Statute, and have been in force since August 9, The new Statute of Autonomy consolidated the self-government, and included the definition of Catalonia as a nation in the preambule.
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The new Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, approved by referendum, was contested by important sectors of the Spanish nationalism and the conservative People's Party , sending the law to the partisan Constitutional Court of Spain which, in , decided to declare non valid some of the articles that established an autonomous Catalan system of Justice, aspects of the financing, the status of the Catalan language or the references of Catalonia as a nation. While the economic crisis affected profoundly Spain, CiU win the Catalan election of , promising a fiscal agreement similar to the Basque.
Initially supported by the PP, his government carried out a program of austerity. During the National Day of Catalonia, on 11 September , a massive demonstration in the streets of Barcelona organized by the organization Catalan National Assembly Assemblea Nacional Catalana , ANC claimed for independence and a referendum of self-determination. On 23 January , parliament approved a Declaration on the Sovereignty and right to decide of the people of Catalonia asserting that Catalonia is a sovereign entity and calls for a referendum on independence.
On 9 November , parliament approved a Declaration to start the independence process of Catalonia asserting the start of the process to create an independent Catalan state in the form of a republic. A controversial independence referendum was held in Catalonia on 1 October , using a disputed voting process. More than 2,, voters The Catalan government estimated that up to , votes were not cast due to polling stations being closed off during the police crackdown, although the "universal census" system introduced earlier in the day allowed electors to vote in any given polling station.
Catalan government officials have argued that the turnout would be higher were it not for Spanish police suppression of the vote of the illegal referendum,  and that were it not for closures and police successful intervention to siege the illegal votes. Up to , votes were lost as a result of the crackdowns at police stations, the Catalan government estimated.
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Catalonia declared independence. The results of the parties remaining were with 70 votes in favour, 10 against and two blank ballots. Just hours after the Catalan declaration of independence, the Spanish Senate invoked Article of the Spanish Constitution and authorised Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's government to impose direct rule over Catalonia. Rajoy declared the dissolution of the Catalan Parliament and dismissed Catalonia's Government, including its president, Carles Puigdemont.
Rajoy called a snap Catalan parliamentary election for 21 December Spanish Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria was chosen to assume the functions of the President of Catalonia,  as part of the actions that resulted after the activation of Article Santamaria was vested total control over the Catalan administration in addition to being appointed president.
On 1 May Quim Torra was elected President of Catalonia after the Spanish courts blocked the election of Carles Puigdemont , who had the support of the Catalan Parliament after the December election. Catalan nationalist parties were a key support to the downfall of Rajoy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Part of a series on the. Prehistoric Iberia Urnfield culture. Ancient history. Early modern. Francoist Catalonia Transition to democracy Restoration of autonomy Independence movement. By topic. Catalan people Valencian people. Geo-political divisions. Government and politics. Traditions and symbols.
Main article: Principality of Catalonia. Main article: Catalan nationalism. Main article: Revolutionary Catalonia.